The adsorption of Cs on Pt(1 1 1) surfaces and its reactivity toward oxygen and iodine for coverages θCs⩽0.15 is reported. These surfaces show unusual “anomalous” behavior compared to higher coverage surfaces. Similar behavior of K on Pt(1 1 1) was previously suggested to involve incorporation of K into the Pt lattice. Despite the larger size of Cs, similar behavior is reported here. Anomalous adsorption is found for coverages lower than 0.15 ML, at which point there is a change in the slope of the work function. Thermal Desorption Spectroscopy (TDS) shows a high-temperature Cs peak at 1135 K, which involves desorption of Cs+ from the surface.
The anomalous Cs surfaces and their coadsorption with oxygen and iodine are characterized by Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES), TDS and Low Electron Energy Diffraction (LEED). Iodine adsorption to saturation on Pt(1 1 1)(anom )–Cs give rise to a sharp LEED pattern and a distinctive work function increase. Adsorbed iodine interacts strongly with the Cs and weakens the Cs–Pt bond, leading to desorption of CsxIy clusters at 560 K. Anomalous Cs increases the oxygen coverage over the coverage of 0.25 ML found on clean Pt. However, the Cs–Pt bond is not significantly affected by coadsorbed oxygen, and when oxygen is desorbed the anomalous cesium remains on the surface.